The University has always been at the forefront of new scientific trends and sought to make a positive impact on public life. Even back in 1961, the institute established the Faculty of Automation and Computer Engineering. Development of the USSR industries demanded use of electrical measurement and automation devices at various levels. No less important were specialists in automation, electrical measurements, and related disciplines, electronics, and radio engineering. Successful activity in this research area allowed the University to establish Strategic Academic Unit Control and Telecommunications Systems. This unit brought together world-class specialists and advanced technologies in the area of control and communication systems.
Training of the first specialists in robotic engineering began at the University more than 35 years ago. Many years later, the faculty was transformed into the School of Computer Science & Robotics.
One of the areas of interest for the University researchers is robotic engineering and management of distributed objects. In this country, there are researchers and centers, engaged in this area but TPU carved out a niche in control systems for mobile and hard-to-reach objects, including group ones.
These objects may be weather stationed in the Arctic, underwater robots in the depths of a sea or a swarm of small satellites in space. To control it you need to keep in touch, receive signals, and pictures from them. The University is able to provide with professionals and technologies for these purposes, which can be proved by various awards.
In other words, TPU strives to gain a leading position in the development of intelligent navigation systems and group control of robotic complexes for solving the research problems in the hydrocosmos (hydrospace) and conduct a unique study of the ocean floor in the Arctic shelf regions and the Mariana Trench. In addition, the University strives to develop and implement technical solutions and software to carry out control of a group of small robotic spacecraft to study the Earth's climate change by global monitoring of its gravitational field and the search for gravitational anomalies.
Currently, the University has one of the largest national laboratories of Industrial robotics which is based on the robotic complexes KUKA. This laboratory considerably expands experimental capabilities of the University scientists.
Recently the University specialists have developed algorithms for use of a group of autonomous underwater vehicles and have conducted search and evaluation of the hardware-software implementation of the developed algorithms. The engineering team produced prototypes of high-speed pressure and temperature sensors capable of continuously operating and conducting measures at a depth of up to 12,000 m. One carried out tests of a deep-water fluorescent analyzer of seawater elemental composition on the basis of the Institute of Marine Technology Problems Russian Academy of Science. A special mathematical apparatus was developed for recognition of technical objects and underwater infrastructure under conditions of zero visibility. There are algorithms for controlling the motion of an underwater vehicle under interval uncertainty of parameters and disturbing action of the marine environment. The theoretical apparatus and the developed devices were tested during a number of expeditions in the Arctic. Field tests allowed the team to update and justified the technologies and to increase their efficiency. In addition, TPU designed and presented other devices: a hydroacoustic modem, onboard small-sized capacitive sensors, and a telecommunication board on heterogeneous communication channels.
Design of advanced telecommunication and control systems for robotic complexes for space and hydrocosmic exploration requires highly qualified professional and the University possess academic programs and facility necessary for training in these areas. For example, there is a multidisciplinary Master degree program in Computer Science and Engineering (English), developed in collaboration with Technical University of Munich, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, and Indian Institute of Technology.