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One of the key goals of Tomsk Polytechnic University is improving the quality of life both at the national and international level. Every year academic staff and students put forward ideas, aimed to achieve this goal. Below we want to provide our latest projects, which have stepped beyond blueprints and currently are being tested at regional and national-wide.  


The Clean Water initiative


69 Tomsk settlements with 56,5 thousand rural residents received access to safe drinking water



All countries of the world are more or less familiar with the problem of clean water scarcity and according to the expert, the situation with the fresh water will deteriorate. TPU understands these trends that is why conduct active research in this area. In 2016, the University began to work on a problem of qualified clean water for small settlements and rural areas of Tomsk Region. By now TPU developed and jointly with Tomsk Administration have placed 70 local water treatment complexes with a capacity of 1.5 cubic meters of purified water per hour in 69 Tomsk settlements. In 2017, about 56,5 thousand rural residents have received access to safe drinking water and it is only beginning. The complex is totally green and chemical free. Currently, the complex is being tested in the extreme north with temperature up to -56С°, where large-scale treatment plants are inefficient. The complex size is 10х5х2.5м.

The water treatments complexes were developed based on green and chemical-free technologies

Nowadays Omsk, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Kemerovo, Novgorod regions, and Kazakhstan have expressed their interest in this technology. That is why the University is constantly upgrading the complex and plans to expand into new markets.

You can receive additional information about water-treatment technologies on the site of TPU R&D Center.




Medicine


Printing 3D hearts models with high resolution

TPU prints 3D models of hearts for the Tomsk Research Institute of Cardiology. These models are used by specialists for training and testing different surgery methods. Thanks to advanced technologies, the University can even print children's hearts with a highly detailed resolution. This approach is useful and efficient for specialist training and for cardio research. 


Original green technologies for the production of phosphorus-32 and technetium-99m for medicine application

The next achievement the University is production and commercial supplies of orthophosphoric acid based on the phosphorus-32 isotope, used for biochemical research, diagnostics and therapy of oncological diseases. The product production line was launched in close collaboration with the University’s Nuclear Research Reactor. By now, this is the only production in Russia and before this national scientific research and medical centers were forced to order phosphorus-32 abroad.

Recently our research team has developed technetium-99m generators, allowing to obtain one of the most popular radioactive isotopes in nuclear medicine without waste. Due to this new technology expensive raw materials (molybdenum-98) can be regenerated and reused. Thereby this solves problems both radioactive waste disposal and makes production significantly cheaper.  


Production of radiopharmaceuticals for early diagnosis of oncological and cardiological disease

The University is one and only regional manufacturer of radiopharmaceuticals for early diagnosis of oncological and cardiological diseases. Our production is used in clinics and laboratories in most part of the Russian Federation. Above all, the University's nuclear research reactor allows conducting advanced studies and production in this field. 


Special implants coating

Another area of interests is related to implants for people and animals and 3D printing technologies for their production. Our research team developed original hybrid implants including based on bioresorbable polymers, which allowed receiving new bone tissue. Recently, TPU jointly with University of Duisburg-Essen (Germany), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany), and University of California, Riverside (USA) developed a method for synthesizing nanotubes from titanium dioxide with the application of calcium-phosphate coatings, identical in composition to human bone. Due to this coating, it will be possible to improve survival of titanium-and-bone implants and provide a new channel for drug delivery. 


Original bioresorbable implants

In addition, TPU is working on a new type of biodegradable materials for implants based magnesium alloys, which is able to slowly dissolve in the human body and replaced by new bone tissues. In other words, this technology will allow avoiding unnecessary operations for extraction implants from steel, titanium, and other classical alloys.


Original 3D printer for production of customized implants with low rejection rate

However, all these implants are nothing without efficient and cheap production technology. Back in 2015, our research teams succeeded to design and produce a 3D-printer, allowing printing fully customized implants from bio-alloys based on titanium and niobium, which has an ideal splice with the bone. 


A universal medicine against the flu

The University’s research team jointly with the First Pavlov State Medical University of St. Petersburg, Queen Mary University of London, Research Institute of Influenza of the Russian Federation have designed containers based on biodegradable polymers, which have a positive influence on the effect of a medicine inside the body of a person with the flu. These containers allow preventing the rapid disintegration of medical substance, thereby making the drug more effective, which can significantly reduce the seasonal incidence. Currently, the research team is conducting preclinical testing on infected animals with the influenza virus. The created microcapsules can be used as one of the main elements of new antiviral drugs. 


Ultrafine powders of iron oxide for targeted drug delivery

TPU developed production technology of nanodispersed and ultrafine powders of iron oxide by plasma-dynamic synthesis. One can apply medicine to these particles and use a magnetic field to deliver it to any point of the body. When the particles reach the destination, one heats them by means of an alternating magnetic field, thus freeing the medicine. The particles of magnetite are absolutely harmless and easily removed from the body. In addition, the University managed to obtain epsilon-phase of iron oxide, with a high purity - up to 90%. There are only three places in the world, where it is possible to do it and TPU is one of them. 

Cheap and efficient personal arrhythmia tracker

A group of University students has developed a new model of personal arrhythmia tracker. This device in the form of a cuff will be attached to the hand, monitoring work of the human heart. Unlike other similar monitoring devices, this will be considerably cheaper, more user-friendly, and can be available for general public. The information, collected by the device, can be used by doctors to make a diagnosis.


Technology for treating diabetic foot syndrome



Tomsk Polytechnic University, National Autonomous University of Mexico and Novosibirsk Company Vector-Vita have designed method of treating the diabetic foot syndrome with the help of silver nanoparticles. The technology was clinically tested and demonstrated that insoles impregnated with silver nanoparticles allow healing ulcers on the feet faster and considerably decreasing chances of a limb amputation.


Today this technology is being successfully used in Mexico.


Device for safe cataract removal operation

The next device, developed at TPU, is related to cataract removal. According to the developers, this device is several times cheaper than the existing national and foreign variants. Medical tests have already confirmed that the device helps to avoid injury to the retina of the eye and make removal operation safer. In addition, the device was deliberately designed as compact as possible, allowing to use it different conditions.


Support of people with disabilities and special needs.


Vezdefon

The University pays particular attention to interests of people with disabilities and special needs.


Vezdefon is modernized intercom for senior citizens and people with disabilities. This device allows connecting directly to a mobile phone and uses it to open the door at any point in the apartment. Unlike the existing GSM-intercoms, the TPU device can be used for both one apartment and the entire entrance hallway as well as automatically notify the police about door breaking. The device was tested and installed in a number of entrances of apartment houses, including the entrance of the project manager Dmitry Kotov, who are in need of such device.


Robotic arm

The students developed a robotic hand, able to repeat any human movements. It will help recover muscle after injury and remotely perform work in harsh conditions, for example in outer space. The device consists of two elements: a printed model of the hand and a glove with sensors attached to it. The hand repeats the slightest movements of the human hand with the glove. The developed underlines that this technology has ample opportunities for use both in medicine for muscles recovery and in various industries for remote work and objects operation.


An accessible environment in the University and the city

TPU adapted academic schedule and special workplaces in its library for the visually challenged students. In addition, TPU is working on translation of educational and methodological materials in audio format. Under this program, TPU carries out large-scale re-equipment of buildings and dormitories, wherever it is allowed by legislation. A part of the buildings is a subject to the federal art legacy that is any altering is strictly forbidden. Along with technological development, the University has an extensive volunteer corps, which help people with disabilities. There is a practice when students with disabilities live in a dormitory with a student-volunteer, who are his\her attendant. For recent years, TPU made considerable progress in this area, but we are not going to stop there.



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